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Electrical Equipment

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Bureau of Indian Standards has a division council known as Electrotechnical Division Council (ETDC), which takes care of standardization in the field of electrical power generation, transmission, distribution and utilization equipment; and insulating materials, winding wires, measuring and process control instruments and primary and secondary batteries.

The Ministry of Power started functioning independently with effect from 2nd July, 1992. Earlier it was known as the Ministry of Energy sources. The Ministry of Power is primarily responsible for the development of electrical energy in the country. The Ministry is concerned with perspective planning, policy formulation, processing of projects for investment decision, monitoring of the implementation of power projects, training and manpower development and the administration and enactment of legislation in regard to thermal, hydro power generation, transmission and distribution. The Ministry of Power is responsible for the Administration of the Electricity Act, 2003, the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 and to undertake such amendments to these Acts, as may be necessary from time to time, in conformity with the Government’s policy objectives.

 

Central Electricity Authority – Ministry of Power

The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization and established as a part-time body in the year 1951 and made a full-time body in the year 1975.

With the objective of reforming the Power Sector, the Electricity Act, 2003 has been enacted and the provisions of this Act have been brought into force with effect from 10th June, 2003.

As per section 73 of the Electricity Act, 2003, the functions and duties of CEA includes following:

  • Advise the Central Government on the matters relating to the national electricity policy, formulate short-term and perspective plans for development of the electricity system and coordinate the activities of the planning agencies for the optimal utilization of resources to sub serve the interests of the national economy and to provide reliable and affordable electricity to all consumers;

  • Specify the technical standards for construction of electrical plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid;

  • Specify the safety requirements for construction, operation and maintenance of electrical plants and electric lines;

  • Specify the Grid Standards for operation and maintenance of transmission lines;

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India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF)

India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF), registered under Indian Societies Registration Act (Act XXI of 1860) is a Public Private Partnership (PPP) initiative of Ministry of Power, Government of India for accelerated development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian power sector. The main objectives of ISGF are:

  • To help Indian power sector to deploy smart grid technologies in an efficient, cost effective, innovative and scalable manner by bringing together all key stakeholders and enabling technologies.

  • To create a platform for public and private stakeholder members, research institutions and power utilities to drive down myths on smart grids, and create innovation through information exchanges.

  • To bring together stakeholders specializing in regulation, policy, and business case with a view to building up a broad-based support for smart grid policies.

  • To undertake research work and other efforts such as scoping the capabilities of smart grids in the Indian context through case studies, cost-benefit framework, technical advancements in the renewable energy sources and other ancillary activities.

  • To provide advice to Government, Regulators, Utilities and Consumers in the form of reports and white papers, technical seminars, etc.

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The India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF)

The India Smart Grid Task Force is an inter-ministerial group and will serve as government focal point for activities related to SMART GRID. The Main functions of ISGTF pertaining to Smart Grid are:

  • To ensure awareness coordination and integration of diverse activities related to Smart Grid Technologies.

  • Practices & services for research & development of SMART GRID.

  • Coordination and integrate other relevant inter- governmental activities.

  • Collaborate on interoperability framework.

  • Review & validate recommendations from India Smart Grid Forum etc.

  • Five Working groups have been constituted to take-up the different task related to SMART GRID activities i.e.

- WG1 – Trials/Pilot on new technologies.
- WG2 – Loss reduction and theft, data gathering and analysis.
- WG3 – Power to rural areas and reliability & quality of power to urban areas.
- WG4 – Dist. Generation & renewable.
- WG5 – Physical cyber security, Standards and Spectrum.

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Central Power Research Institute (CPRI)

CPRI is the power house of the Indian electrical industry. Set up in 1960 by the Government of India, it functions as a centre for applied research in electrical power engineering assisting the electrical industry in product development and quality assurance. CPRI also serves as an independent authority for testing and certification of power equipment. With its state-of-the art infrastructure and expertise, CPRI has made significant contributions to the power sector in the country for improved planning, operation and control of power systems. Besides in-house R&D, CPRI also undertakes sponsored research projects from manufacturers and other agencies in different areas of specialization. With its quality of output on par with International standards CPRI offers specialized services on the performance, evaluation and certification of different kinds of power equipment like Switchgear, Fuse Gears, Transformers, Cables, Capacitors, Insulating Materials and Systems, Transmission Line Towers, Liquid Dielectrics and Non-Conventional Energy Devices in its seven laboratories spread all over India

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